Katana Hashimoto Tadahiro II
Type of sword: katana (honzukuri, yorimune).
Blade: traditional form, on both sides a straight channel runs.
Blade length: 70,4 cm (2 shaku 3 sun 2,5 bu).
Swordsmith/swordsmith’s school: Hashimoto Tadahiro II. Hizen Tadayoshi school.
Weaponsmith / blacksmith: One of Hizen's best blacksmiths, Tadahiro II, a famous gunsmith of the "New Swords" era (Hashimoto Heisakuro / Sindzaemon, son and receiver of Tadayoshi / Tadahiro I). Blacksmith School Hizen Tadayoshi.
Jojosaku — "Highest Level Quality" Evaluation of Fujishiro Yoshio, "Nihon Toko Dzitan., Shintoheng" p. 139, "Toko Shinsen" with. 73);
Yusaku — "Excellent Level Quality" (highest score Shimizu Osamu, "Toshyo Zengxu" p. 442);
Ovadzamono — "Very high cutting characteristics" (Yamada Asaoumont's assessment, mentioned both in "Kaicho Kenziaku" in 1797, and in "Koko Kaji Biko" in 1830, Volume II, p.52, 53). Signature: "Hizen no kuni ju Oumi no Daijo Fujiwara Tadahiro". Province: Hizen (Saga han).
Period: 1648 — 1652 years (Keian)
Certification / expertise:
- Certificate on the katana level of the "Specially Protected Sword" (Tokubetsu Hodzon Token 2012) of the The Society for Preservation of Japanese Art Swords (Nihon Bidziutsu Token Hodzon Kyokai / NBTHK), "Expert Recording on Sheath" / Sayygaki of one of the most famous Japanese experts of the 20th century — Dr. Sato Kanzan (Sato Kanichi, 1907-1978) from 1966;
- Expert opinion (an expert of the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation, a member of NBTHK and NTHK). Letter of guarantee.
Koshirae: Artistic frame (Japan) katana with scissors of black lacquer and painting of the heavenly dragon.
Tsuba with the signature: "Yanagawa Mitsuharu (kao)".
The frame of the day-time storage of the sword (sirozza).
Two-section storage for the sword from Paulownia (katanabako).
In the eighth year of the Kan'ei era (1631) the health of Hashimoto Shindzaemon Tadayoshi I (he took the name of Tadahiro in that time) was shaken and in August of the following year (August 15, 1632) he died. At this point his son and receiver Hashimoto Heisakuro born in the nineteenth year of Keitho (1614) took the name of late father. "According to written testimonies with the advent of the eleventh year of Kan'ei era (1634) a petition was sent and after its satisfaction he became known as Hashimoto Shinzaemon" (Hizento Taikan, 1979, p. 72).
New head of the school who became known as Tadahiro II gained a reputation as a skilled gunsmith and adequately represented the blacksmith tradition of Hidzen. He did not accept the dynastic name Tadayoshi and worked all his life as Tadahiro.
From the family manuscript of Tadayoshi family, that was written in the seventeenth year of the Meiji era (1884), it is known that already at a relatively young age in the eighteenth year, Kan'ei (1641) Tadahiro II was awarded the title of "Oumi no Daijo." Creative way of Tadahiro II covers quite a long period of time. Master lived a long life and died in the eightieth year of life in the sixth year of Genroku (1693) in May of the twenty-seventh. "Tadahiro devoted sixty years to the blacksmithing cause leaving behind many great swords" (Kataoka Ginsaku, Nihonto Zuikan / Shinto-hen, 1977, p. 95).
The gunsmith had two sons. One of them — Hashimoto Shinsaburo (Tadayoshi III) became an outstanding forging master and the other — Hashimoto Shinbe (Tadanaga) made a name for himself as a talented engraver. Last years of life Tadahiro II taught his grandson Hashimoto Gensuke who after the death of his grandfather took the place of the head of the school as Tadayoshi IV.
This katana is a fine example of the Japanese weapon art of the work of the high-class forge craftsman of the famed Tadayoshi dynasty from Hizen. The sword has a strong healthy body. Tadahiro II had such comparatively few powerful wide blades. A straight channel in his works is rare. Forging (itame-hada) is very high quality, "clove" hardening (asinaga tojo-ba) impresses with a variety of effects